I am not from Laminar Research; just a flight simmer from down under using a Windows based operating system.
My apologies for not providing a response earlier.
I don't understand what you mean by "root privileges" but what I do know and understand is that X-Plane is unlike any other "Mickey Mouse" or "shoot-em-up" games and other flight sim packages whereby you use the software that is supplied with the hardware.
With any hardware to be used with X-Plane it has to be setup within X-Plane. No other way. Not even within your operating system. If your hardware includes a Logitec or Saitek product I would advise you to find the software supplied and dig a deep hole and bury the software never to be seen again.. Logitec supplied software does not work with X-Plane
Have a look at the manual which can be found at https://x-plane.com/manuals/desktop/ I would also suggest you have a good look or viewing at the following link where Austin demonstrates the yoke also found at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AlkHh9zlxIk. In viewing this video clearly demonstrates that the yoke can be configured within X-Plane.
Now, having read other postings in this forum I am of the opinion that the yoke is part of the hardware listing for installation within X-Plane, particularly with the formal release versions instead of the Beta versions. As you have a latest release version the yoke should be included. Also have a look at the following link found at https://www.youtube.com/user/col2mab/videos . If you go back approximately 3 months you will find a series of YouTube postings (at least 3) by Austin whereby he comments on his personal introduction and development of version 11.40 In these videos my memory reminds me that Austin states the Honeycomb yoke is included within 11.40 beta ?. Good and patient viewing.
I would suggest you run the installer program again to get the latest update. The file will also check your system for missing files and any corrupted files.
Austin managed the total release/development of this version. If you are still having problems I would suggest you make direct contact with him. I will send you a private message with his contact details.
I relation to your power supply problem with USB hubs have a look at the following link found at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NqwIhuxe95U Disregard the products being installed but consider the message regarding the power requirements for USB connected hardware.